Dirk Kutscher

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Compute First Networking (CFN): Distributed Computing meets ICN

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Edge- and, more generally, in-network computing is receiving a lot attention in research and industry fora. What are the interesting research questions from a networking perspective? In-network computing can be conceived in many different ways - from active networking, data plane programmability, running virtualized functions, service chaining, to distributed computing. Modern distributed computing frameworks and domain-specific languages provide a convenient and robust way to structure large distributed applications and deploy them on either data center or edge computing environments. The current systems suffer however from the need for a complex underlay of services to allow them to run effectively on existing Internet protocols. These services include centralized schedulers, DNS-based name translation, stateful load balancers, and heavy-weight transport protocols.

Over the past years, we have been working on alternative approaches, trying to find ways for integrating networking and computing in new ways, so that distributed computing can leverage networking capabilities directly and optimize usage of networking and computing resources in a holistic fashion.

From Application-Layer Overlays to In-Network Computing

Domain-specific distributed computing languages like LASP have gained popularity for their ability to simply express complex distributed applications like replicated key-value stores and consensus algorithms. Associated with these languages are execution frameworks like Sapphire and Ray that deal with implementation and deployment issues such as execution scheduling, layering on the network protocol stack, and auto-scaling to match changing workloads. These systems, while elegant and generally exhibiting high performance, are hampered by the daunting complexity hidden in the underlay of services that allow them to run effectively on existing Internet protocols. These services include centralized schedulers, DNS-based name translation, stateful load balancers, and heavy-weight transport protocols.

We claim that, especially for compute functions in the network, it is beneficial to design distributed computing systems in a way that allows for a joint optimization of computing and networking resources by aiming for a tighter integration of computing and networking. For example, leveraging knowledge about data location, available network paths and dynamic network performance can improve system performance and resilience significantly, especially in the presence of dynamic, unpredictable workload changes.

The above goals, we believe, can be met through an alternative approach to network and transport protocols: adopting Information-Centric Networking as the paradigm. ICN, conceived as a networking architecture based on the principle of accessing named data, and specific systems such as NDN and CCNx have accommodated distributed computation through the addition of support for remote function invocation, for example in Named Function Networking, NFN and RICE, Remote Method Invocation in ICN and distributed data set synchronization schemes such as PSync.

Introducing Compute First Networking (CFN)

We propose CFN, a distributed computing environment that provides a general-purpose programming platform with support for both stateless functions and stateful actors. CFN can lay out compute graphs over the available computing platforms in a network to perform flexible load management and performance optimizations, taking into account function/actor location and data location, as well as platform load and network performance.

We have published a paper about CFN at the ACM ICN-2019 Conference that is being presented in Macau today by Michał Król. The paper makes the following contributions:

  1. CFN marries a state-of-the art distributed computing framework to an ICN underlay through RICE, Remote Method Invocation in ICN. This allows the framework to exploit important properties of ICN such as name-based routing and immutable objects with strong security properties.
  2. We adopted the rigorous computation graph approach to representing distributed computations, which allows all inputs, state, and outputs (including intermediate results) to be directly visible as named objects. This enables flexible and fine-grained scheduling of computations, caching of results, and tracking state evolution of the computation for logging and debugging.
  3. CFN maintains the computation graph using Conflict-free Replicated Data Types (CRDTs) and realizes them as named ICN objects. This enables implementation of an efficient and failure-resilient fully- distributed scheduler.
  4. Through evaluations using ndnSIM simulations, we demonstrate that CFN is applicable to range of different distributed computing scenarios and network topologies.

Resources and Links

Written by dkutscher

September 25th, 2019 at 3:56 am

Posted in Publications

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Distributed Computing in Information-Centric Networking

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This is an introduction to our paper:

Distributed computing is the basis for all relevant applications on the Internet. Based on well-established principles, different mechanisms, implementations, and applications have been developed that form the foundation of the modern Web.

The Internet with its stateless forwarding service and end-to-endcommunication model promotes certain types of communication for distributed computing. For example, IP addresses and/or DNS names provide different means for identifying computing components. Reliable transport protocols (e.g., TCP, QUIC) promote interconnecting modules. Communication patterns such as REST and protocol implementations such as HTTP enable certain types of distributed computing interactions, and security frameworks such as TLS and the web PKI constrain the use of public-key cryptography for different security functions.

From Distributed Computing...

Distributed computing has different facets, for example, client-server computing, web services, stream processing, distributed consensus systems, and Turing-complete distributed computing platforms. There are also different perspectives on how distributed computing should be implemented on servers and network platforms, a research area that we refer to as Computing in the Network. Active Networking, one of the earliest works on computing in the network, intended to inject programmability and customization of data packets in the network itself; however, security and complexity considerations proved to be major limiting factors, preventing its wider deployment.

Dataplane programmability refers to the ability to program behavior, including application logic, on network elements and SmartNICs, thus enabling some form in-network computing. Alternatively, different types of server platforms and light-weight execution environments are enabling other forms of distributing computation in networked systems, such as architectural patterns, such as edge computing.

... To Computing in the Network

With currently available Internet technologies, we can observe a relatively succinct layering of networking and distributed computing, i.e., distributed computing is typically implemented in overlays with Content Distribution Networks (CDNs) being prominent and ubiquitous example. Recently, there has been growing interest in revisiting this relationship, for example by the IRTF Computing in the NetworkResearch Group (COINRG) – motivated by advances in network and server platforms, e.g., through the development of programmable data plane platforms and the development of different types of distributed computing frameworks, e.g., stream processing and microservice frameworks.

This is also motivated by the recent development of new distributed computing applications such as distributed machine learning (ML), and emerging new applications such as Metaverse suggest new levels of scale in terms of data volume for distributed computing and the pervasiveness of distributed computing tasks in such systems. There are two research questions that stem from these developments:

  1. How can we build distributed computing systems in the network that can leverage the on-path location of compute functions, e.g., optimally aligning stream processing topologies with networked computing platform topologies?

  2. How can the network support distributed computing in general, so that the design and operation of such systems can be simplified, but also so that different optimizations can be achieved to improve performance and robustness?

Issues in Legacy Distributed Computing

Although there are many distributed computing applications, it is also worth noting that there are many limitations and performance issues. Factors such as network latency, data skew, checkpoint overhead, back pressure, garbage collection overhead, and issues related to performance, memory management, and serialization and deserialization overhead can all influence the efficiency. Various optimization techniques can be implemented to alleviate these issues, including memory adjustment, refining the checkpointing process, and adopting efficient data structures and algorithms.

Some performance problems and complexity issues stem from the overlay nature of current systems and their way of achieving the above-mentioned mechanisms with temporary solutions based on TCP/IP and associated protocols such as DNS. For example, Network Service Mesh has been characterized as architecturally complex because of the so-called sidecar approaches and their implementation problems.

In systems that are layered on top of HTTP or TCP (or QUIC), compute nodes typically cannot assess the network performance directly – only indirectly through observed throughput and buffer under-runs. Information-centric data-flow systems, such as IceFlow, intend to provide better visibility and thus better joint optimization potential by more direct access to data-oriented communication resources. Then, some coordination tasks that are based on exchanging updates of shared application state can be elegantly mapped to named data publication in a hierarchical namespace, as the different dataset synchronization (Sync) protocols in NDN demonstrated.

Information-Centric Distributed Computing

In our paper on Distributed Computing in ICN at ACM ICN-2023, we focus on distributed computing and on how information-centricity in the network and application layer can support the development and operation of such systems. The rich set of distributed computing systems in ICN suggests that ICN provides some benefits for distributed computing that could offer advantages such as better performance, security, and productivity when building corresponding applications.

ICN with its data-oriented operation and generally more powerful forwarding layer provides an attractive platform for distributed computing. Several different distributed computing protocols and systems have been proposed for ICN, with different feature sets and different technical approaches, including Remote Method Invocation (RMI) as an interaction model as well as more comprehensive distributed computing platforms. RMI systems such as RICE leverage the fundamental named-based forwarding service in ICN systems and map requests to Interest messages and method names to content names (although the actual implementation is more intricate). Method parameters and results are also represented as content objects, which provides an elegant platform for such interactions.

ICN generally attempts to provide a more useful service to data-oriented applications but can also be leveraged to support distributed computing specifically.


Accessing named data in the network as a native service can remove the need for mapping application logic identifiers such as function names to network and process identifiers (IP addresses, port numbers), thus simplifying implementation and run-time operation, as demonstrated by systems such as Named Function Networking (NFN), RICE, and IceFlow. It is worth noting that, although ICN does not generally require an explicit mapping of names to other domain identifiers, such networks require suitable forwarding state, e.g., obtained from configuration, dynamic learning, or routing.


ICN's notion of immutable data with strong name-content binding through cryptographic signatures and hashes seems to be conducive to many distributed computing scenarios, as both static data objects and dynamic computation results in those systems such as input parameters and result values can be directly sent as ICN data objects. NFN has first demonstrated this.

Securing distributed computing could be supported better in so far as ICN does not require additional dependencies on public-key or pipe securing infrastructure, as keys and certificates are simply named data objects and centralized trust anchors are not necessarily needed. Larger data collections can be aggregated and re-purposed by manifests (FLIC), enabling "small" and "big data" computing in one single framework that is congruent to the packet-level communication in a network. IceFlow uses such an aggregation approach to share identical stream processing results objects in multiple consumer contexts.

Data-orientedness eliminates the need for connections; even reliable communication in ICN is completely data-oriented. If higher-layer (distributed computing) transactions can be mapped to the network layer data retrieval, then server complexity can be reduced (no need to maintain several connections), and consumers get direct visibility into network performance. This can enable performance optimizations, such as linking network and computing flow control loops (one realization of joint optimization), as showed by IceFlow.

Location independence and data sharing

Embracing the principle of accessing named and authenticated data also enables location independence, i.e., corresponding data can be obtained from any place in the network, such as replication points (repos) and caches. This fundamentally enables better multi-source/path capabilities as well as data sharing, i.e., multiple data retrieval operations for one named data object by different consumers can potentially be completed by a cache, repo, or peer in the network.

Stateful Forwarding

ICN provides stateful, symmetric forwarding, which enables general performance optimizations such as in-network retransmissions, more control over multipath forwarding, and load balancing. This concept could be extended to support distributed computing specifically, for example, if load balancing is performed based on RTT observations for idempotent remote-method invocations.

More Networking, less Management

The combination of data-oriented, connection-less operation, and stateful (more powerful) forwarding in ICN shifts functionality from management and orchestration layers (back) to the network layer, which can enable complexity reduction, which can be especially pronounced in distributed computing. For example, legacy stream processing and service mesh platforms typically must manage connectivity between deployment units (pods in Kubernetes). In Apache Flink, a central orchestrator manages the connections between task managers (node agents). Systems such as IceFlow have demonstrated a more self-organized and decentralized stream-processing approach, and the presented principles are applicable to other forms of distributed computing.

In summary, we can observe that ICN's general approach of having the network providing a more natural (data retrieval) platform for applications benefits distributed computing in similar ways as it benefits other applications. One particularly promising approach is the elimination of layer barriers, which enables certain optimizations.

In addition to NFN, there are other approaches that jointly optimize the utilization of network and computing resources to provide network service mesh-like platforms, such as edge intelligence using federated learning, advanced CDNs where nodes can dynamically adapt to user demands according to content popularity, such as iCDN and OpenCDN, and general computing systems, such as Compute-First Networking, IceFlow, and ICedge.

Our paper on Distributed Computing in ICN at ACM ICN-2023 provides a comprehensive analysis and understanding of distributed computing systems in ICN, based on a survey of more than 50 papers. Naturally, these different efforts cannot be directly compared due to their difference in nature. We categorized different ICN distributed computing systems, and individual approaches and highlighted their specific properties.

The scope of this study is technologies for ICN-enabled distributed computing. Specifically, we divide the different approaches into four categories, as shown in the figure above: enablers, protocols, orchestration, and applications. The contributions of this study are as follows:

  1. A discussion of the benefits and challenges of distributed computing in ICN.
  2. A categorization of different proposed distributed computing systems in ICN.
  3. A discussion of lessons learned from these systems.
  4. A discussion of existing challenges and promising directions for future work.

Recent Research on Distributed Computing in ICN

I am providing some pointers to my previous research on distributed computing in ICN below.

The paper that has led to this article:

Current work in the Computing in the Network Research Group of the IRTF:

  • Dirk Kutscher, Teemu Kärkkäinen, Jörg Ott; Directions for Computing in the Network; Internet Draft draft-irtf-coinrg-dir-00, Work in Progress; August 2023

Reflexive Forwarding and Remote Method Invocation

Providing a unified remote computation capability in ICN presents some unique challenges, among which are timer management, client authorization, and binding to state held by servers, while maintaining the advantages of ICN protocol designs like CCN and NDN. In the RICE work,we developed a unified approach to remote function invocation in ICN that exploits the attractive ICN properties of name-based routing, receiver-driven flow and congestion control, flow balance, and object-oriented security while presenting a natural programming model to the application developer. The RICE protocol is leveraging an ICN extension called Reflexive Forwarding that provides ICN-idiomatic method parameter transmission.

Distributed Computing Frameworks

Leveraging RICE as a mechanism, we have developed Compute-First Networking (CFN) in ICN, a Turing-complete distributed computing platform. IceFlow is a proposal for Dataflow in ICN in a decentralized manner.


Based on Reflexive Forwarding, we have developed a concept for RESTful ICN that leverages CCNx key exchange for setting up security contexts and keys that could then be used for secure, data-oriented REST-like communication.

Delay-Tolerant LoRa leveraged Reflexive Forwarding to enable constrained LoRa nodes to "phone home" when they want to transmit data, thus enabling new ways (without central network and application servers) for connecting LoRa networks to the Internet.

Written by dkutscher

September 19th, 2023 at 3:47 am

Reflexive Forwarding in Named Data Networking

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Current Information-Centric Networking protocols such as CCNx and NDN have a wide range of useful applications in content retrieval and other scenarios that depend only on a robust two-way exchange in the form of a request and response (represented by an Interest-Data exchange in the case of the two protocols noted above). A number of important applications however, require placing large amounts of data in the Interest message, and/or more than one two-way handshake.

While these can be accomplished using independent Interest-Data exchanges by reversing the roles of consumer and producer, such approaches can be both clumsy for applications and problematic from a state management, congestion control, or security standpoint. Reflexive Forwarding is a proposed extension to the CCNx and NDN protocol architectures that eliminates the problems inherent in using independent Interest-Data exchanges for such applications.

The protocol is specified in draft-oran-icnrg-reflexive-forwarding and has been used in a few of our research projects such as:

My student intern Xinchen Jin from ShanghaiTech has implemented the Reflexing Forwarding specification in NDN (with modifications to ndn-cxx and NFD) and set up a testbed in mini-NDN for experiments over multiple forwarders.


Written by dkutscher

August 29th, 2023 at 7:24 am

Posted in Code,ICN,IRTF

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Recruiting PostDocs, PhD and MPhil Students for Networked Systems Research

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I am looking for PostDocs, PhD students, and MPhil students for joining my Networked Systems team at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in Guangzhou, China.

HKUST is a leading international research university ranked 1st by Times Higher Education Young University Rankings 2020 and 27th by QS World University Rankings 2021. Our new HKUST(GZ) campus in Guangzhou synergizes with and maintains the same academic standard as the original Hong Kong Clear Water Bay campus.

HKUST(GZ) follows a new innovative cross-discplinary approach, where computer science research interacts with hard and natural sciences, system engineering and socio-economic research.

Research Areas

I am pursuing systems research on topics such as:

We are addressing different applications such as:

  • Enabling new networked systems such as next-generation Web, network-supported AR/VR ("Metaverse");
  • Advancing the Internet and the Web to a more secure, privacy-preserving and overall more user-centric infrastructure
  • Secure and scalable edge computing;
  • Infrastructure for data science; and
  • Data-oriented IoT.

Expected Qualifications and Background

  • Ability to build software systems;
  • Knowledge in computer networking and distributed systems; and
  • Ambition to combine excellent research with building systems and artefacts that matter.

If you are interested in joining HKUST(GZ) as postdoc, postgraduate, or MPhil student please feel free to reach out to me. My e-mail address at HKUST: dku@ust.hk


Written by dkutscher

October 18th, 2022 at 3:04 pm

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Dagstuhl Seminar on Compute-First Networking

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Eve Schooler, Jon Crowcroft, Phil Eardley, and myself organized an online Dagstuhl seminar on Compute-First Networking earlier in June that was attended by an excellent group of researchers from distributed computing, networking and data analytics communities.

Dagstuhl has now published the seminar report that discusses new perspectives on doing Computing in the Networking, use cases and that includes many references to relevant literature and on-going projects in the field.

Executive Summary

Edge- and more generally In-Network Computing are key elements in many traditional content distribution services today, typically connecting cloud-based computing to consumers. The advent of new programmable hardware platforms, research and wide deployment of distributed computing technologies for data processing, as well as new exciting use cases such as distributed Machine Learning and Metaverse-style ubiquitous computing are now inspiring research of more fine-granular and more principled approaches to distributed computing in the "Edge-To-Cloud Continuum".

The Compute-First Networking Dagstuhl seminar has brought together researchers and practitioners in the fields of distributed computing, network programmability, Internet of Things, and data analytics to explore the potential, possible technological components, as well as open research questions in an exciting new field that will likely induce a paradigm shift for networking and its relationship with computing.

Traditional overlay-based in-network computing is typically limited to quite specific purposes, for example CDN-style edge computing. At the same time, network programmability approaches such as Software-Defined Networking and corresponding languages such as P4 are often perceived as too limited for application-level programming. Compute-First Networking (CFN) views networking and computing holistically and aims at leveraging network programmability, server- and serverless in-network computing and modern distributed computing abstraction to develop a new system's approach for an environment where computing is not merely and add-on to existing networks, but where networking is re-imagined with a broader and ubiquitous notion of programmability.

We expect this approach to enable several benefits: it can help to unlock distributed computing from the existing silos of individual cloud and CDN platforms – a necessary condition to enable Keiichi Matsuda's vision of Hyper-Reality and Metaverse concepts where the physical world, human users and different forms of analytics, and visual rendering services constantly engage in information exchanges, directly at the edges of the network. It can also help to provide reliable, scalable, privacy-preserving and universally available platforms for Distributed Machine Learning applications that will play a key role in future large-scale data collection and analytics.

CFN's integrated approach allows for several optimizations, for example a more informed and more adaptive resource optimization that can take into account dynamically changing network conditions, availability of utilization of compute platforms as well as application requirements and adaptation boundaries, thus enabling more
responsive and better-performing applications.

Several interesting research challenges have been identified that should be addressed in order to realize the CFN vision: How should the different levels of programmability in todays system be integrated into a consistent approach? How would programming and communication abstractions look like? How do orchestration systems need to evolve in order to be usable in these potentially large scale scenarios? How can be guarantee security and privacy properties of a distributed computing slice without having to rely on just location attributes? How would the special requirements and properties of relevant applications such as Distributed Machine best be mapped to CFN – or should distributed data processing for federated or split Machine Learning play a more prominent role in designing CFN abstractions?

This seminar was an important first step in identifying the potential and a first set of interesting new research challenges for re-imaging distributed computing through CFN – an exciting new topic for networking and distributed computing research.

Written by dkutscher

December 1st, 2021 at 4:18 pm

Posted in Events,Posts

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ACM ICN-2020 Highlights

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ACM ICN-2020 took place online from September 29th to October 1st 2020. This is a quick summary of the main technical highlights from my personal perspective. Overall, it was a high-quality event, and it was great to see the progress that is being made by different teams. Here, I am focusing specifically on Architecture, Content Distribution, Programmability, and Performance. If you are interested in the complete program, all papers, presentation material, and presentation videos are available on the conference website.


The Information-Centric Networking concept can be implemented in different ways (and some people would argue that some overlay systems for content distribution and data processing are essentially information-centric). ICN systems have often been associated with clean-slate approaches, requiring difficult to imagine fork-lift replacement of larger parts of the infrastructure. While this has never the case (because you can always run ICN protocols over different underlays or directly map the semantics to IPv6), it is still interesting to learn about new approaches and to compare existing data-oriented frameworks to pure ICN systems.

Named-Data Transport

In their paper Named-Data Transport: An End-to-End Approach for an Information-Centric IP Internet (Presentation) Abdulazaz Albalawi and J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves have developed an alternative implementation of the accessing named data concept called Named-Data Transport (NDT) that can leverage existing Internet routing and DNS, while still providing the general properties (accessing named-data securely, in-network caching, receiver-driven operation).

The system is based on three components: 1) A connection-free reliable transport protocol, called Named Data Transport Protocol (NDTP), 2) a DNS extension (my-DNS) for manifest records that describe content items and their chunks, and 3) NDT Proxies that act as transparent caches and that track pending requests, similar to ICN forwarders, but at the transport layer.

In NDT, content names are based on DNS domain names, and each name is mapped to an individual manifest record (in the DNS). These records provide a mapping to a list of IP addresses hosting content replicas. When requesting such records, the idea is that the system would be able apply similar traffic steering as today's CDNs, i.e., provide the requestor with a list of topologically close locations. Producers would be responsible for producing and publishing such manifests.

The Named Data Transport Protocol (NDTP) is a receiver-driven transport protocol (on top of UDP) used by consumers and NDT Proxies which behave logically like ICN forwarders. There is more to the whole approach (such as security, name privacy etc.).

In my view, NDT is an example of a resolution-based ICN system with interesting ideas for deployability. In principle, resolution-based ICN has been pursued by other approaches before (such as NetInf). In general, these systems have a better initial deployment story at the cost of requiring additional infrastructure (and resolution steps during operation.)

RESTful Information-Centric Web of Things

In the Internet of Things, ICN has demonstrated many benefits in terms of reduced code complexity, better data availability, and reduced communication overhead compared to many vertically integrated IoT stacks and location/connection-based protocols.

In their paper Toward a RESTful Information-Centric Web of Things: A Deeper Look at Data Orientation in CoAP (presentation), Cenk Gündoğan, Christian Amsüss, Thomas C. Schmidt, and Matthias Wählisch compare a CoAP and OSCORE (Object Security for Constrained RESTFul Environments) based network of CoAP clients, servers, and proxies with a corresponding NDN setup.

The authors investigated the possibility of building a restful Web of Things that adheres to ICN first principles using the CoAP protocol suite (instead of a native ICN protocol framework). The results showed, since CoAP is quite modular and can be used in different ways, this is indeed possible, if one is willing to give up strict end-to-end semantics and to introduce proxies that mimic ICN forwarder behavior. (The paper reports on many other things, such as extensive performance measurements and comparisons.)

In my view, this is an interesting Gedankenexperiment, and there was a lively discussion at the conference. One of the discussion topics was the question how accurate the comparison really is. For example, while is is possible to construct a CoAP proxy chain that mimics ICN behavior, real-world scenarios would require additional functionality in the CoAP network (routing, dealing with disruptions etc.) that might lead to a different level of complexity (that would possibly be less pronounced in an native ICN environment).

Still, the important take-away of this paper is that some applications of CoAP & OSCORE exhibit information-centric properties, and it is an interesting question whether, for a green-field deployment, the user would not be better served by a native ICN approach.

Content Distribution

Content Distribution and ICN have a long history, sometimes challenged by some misunderstandings. Because one of the early ICN approaches was called Content-Centric Networking (CCN), it was often assumed that ICN would disrupt or replace Content Distribution Networks (CDNs) or that it was a CDN-like technology.

While ICN will certainly help with large-scale content distribution and potentially also change/simplify CDN operations, the core idea is actually about accessing named data securely as a principal network service -- for all applications (that's why Named Data Networking -- NDN -- is a better name).

Managed content distribution as such will continue to be important, even in an ICN world. Surely, it will enjoy better support from the network as today's CDN can expect, thus enabling new exciting applications and simplifying operations, but I prefer avoiding the notion of ICN replacing CDN.

When looking at actual networks and applications today, it is fair to say that almost nothing works without CDN. What we are seeing today is hyperscalers and essentially all the (so-called) OTT video providers extending their systems into ISP networks, by simply shipping standalone edge caches such as Netflix OCA servers as standalone systems to ISPs.

Each of these providers have their own special requirements of how to map customers to edge caches, how to implement traffic steering etc, which is painful enough for operators already. I expect this to become even more pressing as we shift more and more linear live TV to the Internet. Flash-crowd audiences such as viewers of UEFA Champions' League matches will require a massive extension of the already extensive edge caching infrastructure and require massive investments but also significant complexity with respect to traffic steering and guaranteeing a decent viewing experience.

In that context, it is no wonder that people try to resort to IP-Multicast for ensuring a more scaleable last-mile distribution such as this proposal by Akamai and others. Marrying IP-Multicast with a CDN-overlay is (IMO) not exactly complexity reduction, so I think we are now at a tipping point where the Internet in terms of concepts and deployable physical infrastructure can provide many cool services, but where the limited features of the network layers requires a prohibitive amount of complexity -- to an extend where people start looking for better solutions.

At ICN-2020, CDN was thus discussed quite extensively again -- with many interesting, complementary contributions.

Keynote by Bruce Maggs on The Economics of Content Distribution

We were extremely happy to have Bruce Maggs (Emerald Innovations, on leave from Duke University, ex NEC researcher, one of the founding employees of Akamai) delivering his keynote on the Economics of Content Delivery. In his talk Bruce explained different economic aspects (flow of payments, cost of goods sold) but also challenges for different CDN services such as live-streaming.

The take-aways for ICN were:

  • Incentives and cost must be aligned
  • Performance benefits from caching
    • Reducing latency is valuable to content providers
    • Reducing network is valuable to ISPs.
  • If there was caching at the core (in addition to the edge)
    • What is the additional benefit?
    • Who pays for that?
  • Protocol innovation is still possible
    • In the past, people thought that HTTP/TLS/TPC/IP is difficult to overcome
    • QUIC demonstrates that new protocols can be introduced

The socio-economic discussion resonated quite well with me, as some of earlier ICN projects in Europe tried to address these aspects relatively early in 2008. I believe this was due to the operator and vendor influence at the time. In retrospect, I would say that the approaches at that time were possibly too much top-down and premature (trying to revert value chains and find new business models). It is only now that we understand the economics of CDN, its complexity and real cost that (in my view) represent barriers to innovation -- and that we can start to imagine actually implementing different systems.

Far Cry: Will CDNs Hear NDN's Call?

In their paper Far Cry: Will CDNs Hear CDN's Call? (presentation), Chavoosh Ghasemi, Hamed Yousefi, and Beichuan Zhang tried to compare NDN with enterprise CDN (a particular variant of CDN) with respect to caching and retrieval of static contents.

In their work, the authors deployed an adaptive video streaming service over three different networks: Akamai, Fastly, and the NDN testbed. They had users in four different continents and conducted a two-week experiment, comparing Quality of Experience, Origin workload, failure resiliency, and content security.

I cannot summarize of all of the results here, but the conclusions by the authors were:

  • CDNs outperform the current NDN testbed deployment in terms of QoE (achievable video resolution in a DASH-setting)
  • Origin workload and failure resiliency are mainly the products of the network design -- and the NDN testbed outperforms current CDNs
  • More as an interpretation: NDN can realize a resilient, secure, and scalable content network given appropriate software and protocol maturity and hardware resources.

The paper was discussed intensively at the conference , for example, it was debated how comparable the plain NDN testbed and its network service really are -- to a production-level CDN.

In my view, the value of this paper lies in the created experiment facilities and the attempt to establish some ground truth (based on current NDN maturity). I hope that this work can leverage by more experiments in the future.

iCDN: An NDN-based CDN

In their paper iCDN: An NDN-based CDN (presentation), Chavoosh Ghasemi, Hamed Yousefi, and Beichuan Zhang (i.e., the same authors), pursue a more forward-looking approach. In this paper, they develop a CDN service based on ICN mechanisms, i.e., trying to conceive a future CDN system that does not need to take the current network's limitations into account.

One of the interesting ICN properties is that the main service of accessing named data does not require any notion of location. Sometimes people assume that an Information-Centric system always needs to map names to locators such as IP addresses, but this is a really limited view. Instead, it is possible to build the network solely on forwarding INTERESTs for named data based on forwarding information of that same namespace. A forwarder may have more than forwarding info base entry for the same name -- from a consumer (application) perspective these are completely equivalent.

Because of intrinsic object security, it does not matter from which particular host a content object is served. There can be several copies -- all equivalent. When creating copies of original content, e.g., by cloning a data repository, the new copy needs to be announced (by injecting routing information) , and from that point on, it is reachable without any additional management, configuration or other out-of-band mechanisms.

When applying this notion to CDN scenarios, it is easy to understand the simplification opportunities. In ICN, content repositories can be added to the network, and in-network name-based forwarding will find the closest copy automatically.

For iCDN, the authors have leveraged this basic notion and built an ICN-based CDN that does not need any client-to-cache mapping and overlay routing mechanisms. Based on that, iCDN features logical partitions and cache hierarchies for content namespaces (for acknowledging that there may be different CDN providers, hosting different content services).

iCDNs employ cache hierarchies to exploit on-path and off-oath caches without relying on application-layer routing functions. The idea was to provide a scalable, adaptive solution that can cope with dynamic network changes as well as dynamic changes in content popularity.

There are more details to this approach, and of course the debate on what is the best ICN-based CDN design has just started. Still, this paper is an interesting contribution in my view, because it illustrates the opportunities for rethinking CDN nicely.


Programmability and ICN has two facets: 1) Implementing distributed computing with ICN (for example as in CFN -- Compute-First Networking) and 2) implementing ICN with programmable infrastructure. ACM ICN-2020 has seen contributions in both directions.

Result Provenance in Named Function Networking

In their paper Result Provenance in Named Function Networking (presentation), Claudio Marxer and Christian Tschudin have leveraged their previous work on Named Function Networking (NFN) and developed a result provenance framework for distributed computing in NFN.

In this work, the authors augmented NFN with a data structure that creates transparency of the genesis of every evaluation results so that entities in the system can ascertain result provenance. The main idea is the introduction of so-called provenance records that capture meta data about the genesis of the computation result. The paper discusses integration of these records into NDN and procedures for provenance checks and trust computation.

In my view, the interesting contribution of this work is the illustration of how the general concept of provenance verification can be implemented in a data-oriented system such as the ICN-based Named Function Networking framework. The results may be (so some extend) to other ICN-based in-network computing systems, so I hope this paper will start a thread of activities on this subject.

ENDN: An Enhanced NDN Architecture with a P4-programmable Data Plane

In their paper ENDN: An Enhanced NDN Architecture with a P4-programmable Data Plane (presentation), Ouassim Karrakchou, Nancy Samaan, and Ahmed Karmouch present an NDN system that is implemented in a P4-programmable data plane, i.e., a system in which applications can interact with a control plane that configures the data plane according to the required services.

The work in this paper is based on the notion that applications specify their content delivery requirements to the network, i.e., the control plane of a network. The control plane provide a catalogue of content delivery services, which are then translated into data plane configurations that ultimately get installed on P4 switches.

Examples of such services include Content Delivery Pattern services (whether the system is based on INTEREST/DATA or some stateful data forwarding), Content Name Rewrite services (enabling the network to rewrite certain names in INTERESTs), Adaptive Forwarding services (next-hop selection) etc.

In my view, this paper is interesting because it provides a relatively advanced perspective of how applications specify required behavior to a programmable ICN network. Moreover, the authors implemented this successfully on P4 switches and described relevant lessons learned and achievements in the paper.


Performance has historically always been an interesting topic in ICN. On the one hand, ICN provides substantial performance increases in the network due to its forwarding and caching features. On the other hand, it has been shown that implementing an ICN forwarder that operates at modern network line-speeds is challenging.

NDN-DPDK: NDN Forwarding at 100 Gbps on Commodity Hardware

In their paper NDN-DPDK: NDN Forwarding at 100 Gbps on Commodity Hardware (presentation), Junxiao Shi, Davide Pesavento, and Lotfi Benmohamed present their design of a DPDK-based forwarder.

The authors have developed a complete NDN implementation that runs on real hardware and that supports the complete NDN protocol and name matching semantics.

This work is interesting because the authors describe the different optimization techniques including better algorithms and more efficient data structures, as well as making use of the parallelism offered by modern multi-core CPUS and multiple hardware queues with user-space drivers for kernel-bypass.

This work represents the first software forwarder implementation that is able to achieve 100 Gpbs without compromises in NDN protocols semantics. The authors have published the source at https://github.com/usnistgov/ndn-dpdk.

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October 4th, 2020 at 12:28 am

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ACM CoNEXT Workshop on Emerging In-Network Computing Paradigms (ENCP)

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Edge- and, more generally, in-network computing is receiving a lot attention in research and industry fora. The ability to decentralize computing, to achieve low latency communication to distributed application logic, and the potential for privacy-preserving analytics are just a few examples that motivate a new approach for looking at computing and networking.

What are the interesting research questions from a networking and distributed computing perspective? In-network computing can be conceived in many different ways – from active networking, data plane programmability, running virtualized functions, service chaining, to distributed computing. What abstractions do we need to program, optimize, and to manage such systems? What is the relationship to cloud networking?

These questions will be discussed at the first workshop on Emerging In-Network Computing (ENCP) that takes place at ACM CoNEXT-2019 on December 9th in Orlando.

We have received many interesting submission and were able to put together a really interesting program that covers both Network Programmability and In-Network Computing Architectures and Protocols. Check out the full program here.

Many thanks to my co-organizers Spyros Mastorakis and Abderrahmen Mtibaa, to our steering committee members Jon Crowcroft, Satyajayant (Jay) Misra, and Dave Oran, and to our great Technical Program Committee for putting this together.


Written by dkutscher

December 5th, 2019 at 8:24 am

ACM ICN-2019 Highlights

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ACM ICN-2019 took place in the week of September 23 in Macau, SAR China. The conference was co-located with Information-Centric-Networking-related side events: the TouchNDN Workshop on Creating Distributed Media Experiences with TouchDesigner and NDN before and an IRTF ICNRG meeting after the conference. In the following, I am providing a summary of some highlights of the whole week from my (naturally very subjective) perspective.

University of Macau -- the ICN-2019 Venue


ICN with its accessing named data in the network paradigm is supposed provide a different, hopefully better, service to application compared to the traditional stack of TCP/IP, DNS and application-layer protocols. Research in this space is often addressing one of two interesting research questions: 1) What is the potential for building or re-factoring applications that use ICN and what is the impact on existing designs; and 2) what requirements can be learned for the evolution of ICN, what services are useful on top of an ICN network layer, and/or how should the ICN network layer be improved.

Network Management

The best paper at the conference on Lessons Learned Building a Secure Network Measurement Framework using Basic NDN by Kathleen Nichols took the approach of investigating how a network measurement system can be implemented without inventing new features for the NDN network layer. Instead, Kathleen's work explored the features and usability support mechanisms that would be needed for implementing her Distributed Network Measurement Protocol (DNMP) in terms of frameworks and libraries leveraging existing NDN. DNMP is secure, role-based framework for requesting, carrying out, and collecting measurements in NDN forwarders. As such it represents a class of applications where applications both send and receive data that is organized by hierarchical topics in a namespace which implies a conceptual approach where applications do not (want to) talk to specific producers but are really operating in an information-centric style.

Communication in such a system involves one-to-many, many-to-one, and any-to-any communications about information (not data objects hosted at named nodes). DNMP employs a publish/subscribe model inspired by protocols such as MQTT where publishers and subscribers communicate through hierarchically structured topics. Instead of existing frameworks for data set reconciliation, with DNMP work includes the development of a lightweight pub/sub sync protocol called syncps that uses Difference Digests, solving the multi-party set reconciliation problem with prior context.

In a role-based system such as DNMP that uses secure Named-Data-based communication, automating authentication and access control is typically a major challenge. DNMP leverages earlier work on Trust Schema but extends this by a Versatile Security Toolkit (VerSec) that integrates with the transport framework to simplify integration of trust rules. VerSec is about to be released under GPL.

I found this paper really interesting to read because it is a nice illustration of what kind of higher layer services and APIs non-trivial application require. Also, the approach of using the NDN network layer as is but implementing additional functionality as libraries and frameworks seems promising with respect to establishing a stable network layer platform where innovation can happen independently on top. Moreover, the paper embraces Information-Centric thinking nicely and demonstrates the concept with a relevant application. Finally, I am looking forward to see the VerSec software which could make it easier for developers to implement rigorous security and validation in the applications.

Distributed Media Experiences

Jeff Burke and Peter Gusev organized the very cool TouchNDN workshop on Creating Distributed Media Experiences with TouchDesigner and NDN at the School of Creative Media at the City University of Hong Kong (summary presentation). The background is that video distribution/access has evolved significantly from linear TV broadcast to todays applications. Yet, many systems still seem to be built in a way that optimizes for linear video streaming to consumer eye balls, with a frame sequence abstraction.

Creative media applications such as Live Show Control (example) exhibit a much richer interaction with digital video, often combing 3D modelling with flexible, non-sequential access to video based on (for example) semantics, specific time intervals, quality layers, or spatial coordinates.

Touchdesigner used for sound reactive 3D object and for mixing a video loop

Combine this with dynamic lightning, sound control and instrumentation of theater effects, and you get an idea of an environment where various pieces of digital media are mixed together creatively and spontaneously. Incidentally, a famous venue for such an installation is the Spectacle at MGM Cotai, close to the venue of ACM ICN-2019 in Macau.

The Spectacle at MGM Cotai - Creative Overview

Derivative's TouchDesigner is a development platform for such realtime user experiences. It is frequently used for projection mapping, interactive visualization and other applications. The Center for Research in Engineering, Media and Performance (REMAP) has developed an integration of NDN with TouchDesigner's realtime 3D engine via the NDN-Common-Name-Library stack as a platform for experimenting with data-centric media. The objective is to provide a more natural networked media platform that does not have to deal with addresses (L2 or L3) but enables applications to publish and request media assets in namespaces that reflect the structure of the data. Combing this with other general ICN properties such as implicit multicast distribution and in-network caching results in a much more adequate platform for creating realtime multimedia experiences.

The TouchNDN workshop was one of REMAP's activities on converging their NDN research with artistic and cultural projects, trying to get NDN out of the lab and into the hands of creators in arts, culture, and entertainment. It is also an eye-opener for the ICN community for learning about trends and opportunities in real-time rendering and visual programming which seems to bear lots of potential for innovation -- both from the artistic as well as from the networking perspective.

Personally, I think it's a great, inspiring project that teaches us a lot about more interesting properties and metrics (flexible access, natural APIs, usability, utility for enabling innovations) compared to the usual quantitative performance metrics from the last century.

Inter-Server Game State Synchronization

Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) allow up to thousands of players to play in the same shared virtual world. Those worlds are often distributed on multiple servers of a server cluster, because a single server would not be able to handle the computational load caused by the large number of players interacting in a huge virtual world. This distribution of the world on a server cluster requires to synchronize relevant game state information among the servers. The synchronization requires every server to send updated game state information to the other servers in the cluster, resulting in redundantly sent traffic when utilizing current IP infrastructure.

In their paper Inter-Server Game State Synchronization using Named Data Networking Philipp Moll, Sebastian Theuermann, Natascha Rauscher, Hermann Hellwagner, and Jeff Burke started from the assumption that ICN's implicit multicast support and the ability to to decouple the game state information from the producing server could reduce the amount of redundant traffic and also help with robustness and availability in the presence of server failures.

They built a ICNified version of Minecraft and developed protocols for synchronizing game state in a server cluster over NDN. Their evaluation results indicated the benefits on an ICN-based approach for inter-server game state synchronization despite larger packet overheads (compared to TCP/IP). The authors made all their artefacts required for reproducing the results available on github.

Panel on Industry Applications of ICN

I had the pleasure of moderating a panel on industry applications of ICN, featuring Richard Chow (Intel), Kathleen Nichols (Pollere Inc.), and Kent Wu (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute). Recent ICN research has produced various platforms for experimentation and application development. One welcome development consists of initial ICN deployment mechanisms that do not require a forklift replacement of large parts of the Internet. At the same time, new technologies and use cases, such as edge computing, massively scalable multiparty communication, and linear video distribution, impose challenges on the existing infrastructure. This panel with experts from different application domains discussed pain points with current systems, opportunities and promising results for building specific applications with ICN, and challenges, shortcomings, and ideas for future evolution of ICN.

What was interesting to learn was how different groups pick up the results and available software to build prototypes for research and industry applications and what they perceive as challenges in applying ICN.


Growing concerns about centralization, surveillance and loss of digital sovereignty are currently fuelling many activities around P2P-inspired communication and storage networks, decentralized web ("web3") efforts as well as group such as the IRTF Research Group on Decentralized Internet Infrastructure (DINRG). One particular concern is the almost universal dependency on central cloud platforms for anchoring trust in applications that are actually of a rather local nature such as smart home platforms. Since such platforms often entail rent-seeking or surveillance-based business models, it is becoming increasingly important to investigate alternatives.

NDN/CCN-based ICN with its built-in PKI system provides some elements for an alternative design. In NDN/CCN it is possible to set up secure communication relationships without necessarily depending on third-party platforms which could be leveraged for more decentralized designs of IoT systems, social media and many other applications.

Decentralized and Secure Multimedia Sharing

A particularly important application domain is multimedia sharing where surveillance and manipulation campaigns by the dominant platforms have led to the development of alternative federated social media applications such as Mastodon and Diaspora. In their paper Decentralized and Secure Multimedia Sharing Application over Named Data Networking Ashlesh Gawande, Jeremy Clark, Damian Coomes, and Lan Wang described their design and implementation of npChat (NDN Photo Chat), a multimedia sharing application that provides similar functionality as today’s media-sharing based social networking applications without requiring any centralized service providers.

The major contributions of this work include identifying the specific requirements for a fully decentralized application, and designing and implementing NDN-based mechanisms to enable users to discover other users in the local network and through mutual friends, build friendship via multi-modal trust establishment mirrored from the real world, subscribe to friends’ multimedia data updates via pub-sub, and control access to their own published media.

This paper is interesting in my view because it illustrates the challenges and some design options nicely. It also suggests further research in terms of namespace design, name privacy and trust models. The authors developed an NDN-based prototype for Android systems that is supposed to appear on the Android Play store soon.

Exploring the Relationship of ICN and IPFS

We were happy to have David Dias, Adin Schmahmann, Cole Brown, and Evan Miyazono from Protocol Labs at the conference who held a tutorial on IPFS that also touched upon the relationship of IPFS and some ICN approaches.

Protocol Lab's InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) is a peer-to-peer content-addressable distributed filesystem that seeks to connect all computing devices with the same system of files. It is an opensource community-driven project, with reference implementations in Go and Javascript, and a global community of millions of users. IPFS resembles past and present efforts to build and deploy Information-Centric Networking approaches to content storage, resolution, distribution and delivery. IPFS and libp2p, which is the modular network stack of IPFS, are based on name-resolution based routing. The resolution system is based on Kademlia DHT and content is addressed by flat hash-based names. IPFS sees significant real-world usage already and is projected to become one of the main decentralised storage platforms in the near future. The objective of this tutorial is to make the audience familiar with IPFS and able to use the tools provided by the project for research and development.

Interestingly IPFS bear quite some similarities with earlier ICN systems such as NetInf but is using traditional transport and application layer protocols for the actual data transfer. One of the interesting research questions in that space are how IPFS system could be improved with today's ICN technology (as an underlay) but also how the design of a future IPFS-like system could leverage additional ICN mechanisms such as Trust Schema, data set reconciliation protocols, and remote method invocation. The paper Towards Peer-to-Peer Content Retrieval Markets: Enhancing IPFS with ICN by Onur Ascigil, Sergi Reñé, Michał Król et al. explored some of these options.


IoT is one of the interesting application areas for ICN, especially IoT in constrained environments, where the more powerful forwarding model (stateful forwarding and in-network caching) and the associated possibility for more fine-grained control of storage and communication resources incurs significant optimization potential (which was also a topic at this year's conference).

QoS Management in Constrained NDN Networks

Quality of Service (QoS) in the IP world mainly manages forwarding resources, i.e., link capacities and buffer spaces. In addition, Information Centric Networking (ICN) offers resource dimensions such as in-network caches and forwarding state. In constrained wireless networks, these resources are scarce with a potentially high impact due to lossy radio transmission. In their paper Gain More for Less: The Surprising Benefits of QoS Management in Constrained NDN Networks Cenk Gündoğan, Jakob Pfender, Michael Frey, Thomas C. Schmidt, Felix Shzu-Juraschek, and Matthias Wählisch explored the two basic service qualities (i) prompt and (ii) reliable traffic forwarding for the case of NDN. The resources that were taken into account are forwarding and queuing priorities, as well as the utilization of caches and of forwarding state space. The authors treated QoS resources not only in isolation, but also correlated their use on local nodes and between network members. Network-wide coordination is based on simple, predefined QoS code points. The results indicate that coordinated QoS management in ICN is more than the sum of its parts and exceeds the impact QoS can have in the IP world.

What I found interesting about his paper is the validation in real-world experiments that demonstrated impressive improvements, based on the coordinated QoS management approach. This work comes timely considering the current ICN QoS discussion in ICNRG, for example in draft-oran-icnrg-qosarch. Also, the authors made their artefacts available on github for enabling reproducing their results.

How Much ICN Is Inside of Bluetooth Mesh?

Bluetooth mesh is a new mode of Bluetooth operation for low-energy devices that offers group-based publish-subscribe as a network service with additional caching capabilities. These features resemble concepts of information-centric networking (ICN), and the analogy to ICN has been repeatedly drawn in the Bluetooth community. In their paper Bluetooth Mesh under the Microscope: How much ICN is Inside? Hauke Petersen, Peter Kietzmann, Cenk Gündoğan, Thomas C. Schmidt, and Matthias Wählisch compared Bluetooth mesh with ICN both conceptually and in real-world experiments. They contrasted both architectures and their design decisions in detail. They conducted experiments on an IoT testbed using NDN/CCNx and Bluetooth Mesh on constrained RIOT nodes.

Interestingly the authors found that the implementation of ICN principles and mechanisms in Bluetooth Mesh is rather limited. In fact, Bluetooth Mesh performs flooding without content caching and merely using the equivalent of multicast addresses as a surrogate for names. Based on these findings, the authors discuss options of how ICN support for Bluetooth could or should look like, so the paper is interesting both for understanding the actual working of Bluetooth Mesh as well as for ideas for improving Bluetooth Mesh. The authors made their artefacts available on github for enabling reproducing their results.

ICN and LoRa

LoRa is an interesting technology for its usage of license-free sub-gigahertz spectrum and bi-directional communication capabilities. We were happy to have Kent Wu and Xiaoyu Zhao from ASTRI at the conference and the ICNRG meeting who talked about their LoRa prototype development for a smart metering system for water consumption in Hong Kong. In addition to that, the ICNRG also discussed different options for integrating ICN and LoRa and got an update by Peter Kietzmann on the state of LoRa support in the RIOT OS. This is an exciting area for innovation, and we expect more work and interesting results in the future.

New Frontiers

Appying ICN to big data storage and processing and to distributed computing are really promising research directions that were explored by papers at the conference.

NDN and Hadoop

The Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) is a network file system used to support multiple widely-used big data frameworks that can scale to run on large clusters. In their paper On the Power of In-Network Caching in the Hadoop Distributed File System Eric Newberry and Beichuan Zhang evaluate the effectiveness of using in-network caching on switches in HDFS- supported clusters in order to reduce per-link bandwidth usage in the network.

They discovered that some applications featured large amounts of data requested by multiple clients and that, by caching read data in the network, the average per-link bandwidth usage of read operations in these applications could be reduced by more than half. They also found that the choice of cache replacement policy could have a significant impact on caching effectiveness in this environment, with LIRS and ARC generally performing the best for larger and smaller cache sizes, respectively. The authors also developed a mechanism to reduce the total per-link bandwidth usage of HDFS write operations by replacing write pipelining with multicast.

Overall, the evaluation results are promising, and it will be interesting to see how the adoption of additional ICN concepts and mechanisms and caching could be useful for big data storage and processing.

Compute-First Networking

Although, as a co-author, I am clearly biased, I am quite convinced of the potential for distributed computing and ICN that we described in a paper co-authored by Michał Król, Spyridon Mastorakis, David Oran, and myself.

Edge- and, more generally, in-network computing is receiving a lot attention in research and industry fora. What are the interesting research questions from a networking perspective? In-network computing can be conceived in many different ways – from active networking, data plane programmability, running virtualized functions, service chaining, to distributed computing. Modern distributed computing frameworks and domain-specific languages provide a convenient and robust way to structure large distributed applications and deploy them on either data center or edge computing environments. The current systems suffer however from the need for a complex underlay of services to allow them to run effectively on existing Internet protocols. These services include centralized schedulers, DNS-based name translation, stateful load balancers, and heavy-weight transport protocols.

Over the past years, we have been working on alternative approaches, trying to find ways for integrating networking and computing in new ways, so that distributed computing can leverage networking capabilities directly and optimize usage of networking and computing resources in a holistic fashion. Here is a summary of our latest paper.

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October 4th, 2019 at 12:33 am

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The following list provides a selection of some research projects and other activities I have been previously been involved in.

Named Data Microverse

Our project proposal on Named Data Microverse was selected as a winner of the Future of Data Challenge.

The Named Data Microverse project explores how Information-Centric Networking (ICN) can enable a free, open and decentralized approach to “the metaverse”. The project aims to balances scalability and market-based innovation with democratization, trustworthiness, and equitable empowerment of individuals. ICN provides an architectural foundation for secure, distributed applications to be created more easily and provides resilience in natural disasters, better mobility support, cloud-optional local communication, improved privacy, and other benefits that are not addressed solely by “Web3” technologies.

This is a joint project with Jeff Burke and Lixia Zhang at UCLA.

MAVERIC: In-Network Computing for 5G Campus Networks

The MAVERIC project will develop a mobile 5G campus network system with a special focus on automated deployment, monitoring as well as flexible and digitally sovereign in-network computing. The main use cases within the project are processes and tasks on ship yards. This environment is particularly harsh and has very high requirements regarding availability, security and confidentiality.

Piccolo: In-Network Computing

The Piccolo research project is developing new solutions for in-network computing that remove known and emerging deficiencies of edge/fog computing. Starting from a set of innovative industry-relevant use cases, we are creating a distributed computing platform that can leverage different kinds of underlying infrastructure that can cater to various business needs and user preferences, and that will provide an open platform for future applications.

Our motivation is that the centralised cloud computing model in use today has difficulty handling new and emerging applications. Ever-more powerful user and IoT devices are producing enormous amounts of data – too much to send into the cloud for centralised processing, and further the round trip time is too large for the stringent latency requirements of some applications. Also, there are increasing concerns about leaving data privacy at the mercy of big cloud operators. Shifting from centralized to in-network compute can alleviate these concerns and thereby open up new horizons for application development and create new infrastructure markets.

Compute-First Networking

Edge- and, more generally, in-network computing is receiving a lot attention in research and industry fora. What are the interesting research questions from a networking perspective? In-network computing can be conceived in many different ways – from active networking, data plane programmability, running virtualized functions, service chaining, to distributed computing. Modern distributed computing frameworks and domain-specific languages provide a convenient and robust way to structure large distributed applications and deploy them on either data center or edge computing environments. The current systems suffer however from the need for a complex underlay of services to allow them to run effectively on existing Internet protocols. These services include centralized schedulers, DNS-based name translation, stateful load balancers, and heavy-weight transport protocols.

Over the past years, we have been working on alternative approaches, trying to find ways for integrating networking and computing in new ways, so that distributed computing can leverage networking capabilities directly and optimize usage of networking and computing resources in a holistic fashion.

Please read the online article for more information and links to papers.


OPNFV is a carrier-grade, integrated, open source platform to accelerate the introduction of new NFV products and services. As an open source project, OPNFV is uniquely positioned to bring together the work of standards bodies, open source communities and commercial suppliers to deliver a de facto standard open source NFV platform for the industry.The OPNFV community is collaborating on a carrier-grade, integrated, open source platform to accelerate the introduction of new NFV products and services. By integrating components from upstream projects, the community can perform performance and use case-based testing to ensure the platform’s suitability for NFV use cases. OPNFV will also work upstream--with other open source communities--to bring the learnings from its work directly to those communities in the form of blueprints, patches, and code contribution. The scope of OPNFV’s initial release is focused on building NFV Infrastructure (NFVI) and Virtualized Infrastructure Management (VIM) by integrating components from upstream projects such as OpenDaylight, OpenStack, Ceph Storage, KVM, Open vSwitch, and Linux. These components, along with application programmable interfaces (APIs) to other NFV elements form the basic infrastructure required for Virtualized Network Functions (VNF) and Management and Network Orchestration (MANO) components. OPNFV’s goal is to increase performance and power efficiency; improve reliability, availability, and serviceability; and deliver comprehensive platform instrumentation.

Fostering a diverse community of developers who bring different needs, ideas and knowledge to the table means faster time to market and stronger code. We hope you’ll join OPNFV as we work together to effect the game-changing networking transformation that is NFV.

More information on OPNFV: www.opnfv.org.


The Scalable and Secure Infrastructures for Cloud Operations (SSICLOPS, pronounced “cyclops”) project focuses on techniques for the management of federated private cloud infrastructures, in particular cloud networking techniques within software-defined data centres and across wide-area networks. SSICLOPS is funded by the European Commission under the Horizon2020 programme.SSICLOPS will empower enterprises to create and operate high-performance private cloud infrastructure that allows flexible scaling through federation with other private clouds without compromising on their service level and security requirements. SSICLOPS federation will support the efficient integration of clouds, no matter if they are geographically collocated or spread out, belong to the same or different administrative entities or jurisdictions: in all cases, SSICLOPS will deliver maximum performance for inter-cloud communication, enforce legal and security constraints, and minimize the overall resource consumption. In such a federation, individual enterprises will be able to dynamically scale in/out their private cloud services: because they dynamically offer own spare resources (when available) and take in resources from others when needed. This allows maximizing own infrastructure utilization while minimizing excess capacity needs for each federation member. SSICLOPS-powered private clouds will offer fine-grained monitoring and tuning capabilities along with workload planning and optimization tools to maximize the performance across a broad spectrum of workloads and across a wide operational scale, as we will demonstrate using four highly diverse use cases. The SSICLOPS solution will be based upon state-of-the-art open source products used broadly in private cloud deployments today to provide enterprises with full control over their own deployment.

More information on SSICLOPS: ssiclops.eu.


Information Centric Networking (ICN) is a new paradigm where the network provides users with named content, instead of communication channels between hosts. Research on ICN is at an early stage, with many key issues still open, including naming, routing, resource control, security, privacy and a migration path from the current Internet. Also missing for efficient information dissemination is seamless support of contentbased publish/subscribe. Further, and importantly, current proposals do not sufficiently address energy efficiency. GreenICN aims to bridge this gap, addressing how the ICN network and devices can operate in a highly scalable and energy-efficient way.The project exploity the designed infrastructure to support two exemplary application scenarios: 1. The aftermath of a disaster e.g., hurricane or tsunami, when energy and communication resources are at a premium and it is critical to efficiently distribute disaster notification and critical rescue information. Key to this is the ability to exploit fragmented networks with only intermittent connectivity;

  1. Scalable, efficient pub/sub video delivery, a key requirement in both normal and disaster situations.

GreenICN will also expose a functionality-rich API to spur the creation of new applications and services expected to drive EU and Japanese industry and consumers into ICN adoption. Our team, comprising researchers with diverse expertise, system and network equipment manufacturers, device vendors, a startup, and mobile telecommunications operators, is very well positioned to design, prototype and deploy GreenICN technology, and validate usability and performance of real-world GreenICN applications, contributing to create a new, low-energy, Information-Centric Internet. Our expertise and experience in standardization will enable us to make major contributions to standards bodies. Our efforts will foster continued close cooperation between both industrial and research communities of Europe and Japan.

More information on GreenICN: www.greenicn.org.


SAIL (Scalable & Adaptive Internet Solutions) is aiming at designing architectures for the Networks of the Future, as part of the European Commission’s 7th Framework Program. SAIL has three main technical strands: Network of Information (information-centric networking), Cloud Networking (combining virtual networking with cloud computing), and Open Connectivity Services (transport and routing services that can be controlled and orchestrated over various technologies).My main interest is the research on information-centric networking. The main idea is to move from a host-based communication paradigm, where host addresses/IDs are the principal communication objects, to a paradigm that is based on named-content. In some current application areas such as content distribution and peer-to-peer communication we can observe that communication is actually no longer about setting up end-to-end connections to origin server in order to access a certain service/content. Instead, users are interested in named content (represented by, for instance, Torrents or URLs) and a corresponding distribution system provides lookup and distribution services that enable interested receivers to obtain the content (copies of the content or content chunks). So far, this paradigm is applied to isolated, mostly overlaid, applications or distribution platforms. The intention in SAIL is to generalize these concepts for a ubiquitous communication platform, where name-based content, in-network-storage, and efficient distribution is available to any application. Several research questions are related to this: 1) how to design a naming framework that allows to name all information objects, is scalable in terms of lookup table size and lookup latency while still meeting security requirements; 2) how to efficiently move content to appropriate location in the network; 3) how to manage mobility, multi-interface nodes and disruption-tolerance; and 4) how to evolve socio-economics with potential new roles for content providers/consumers, as well as network/cache operators.

More information on SAIL: http://www.sail-project.eu/.


CHIANTI is a Small or medium-scale focused research project (STREP) and part of the ICT initiative of 7th EU framework programme. CHIANTI is developing technologies for enabling effective, robust, and cost-efficient communication services in challenging network environments, e.g., for providing a productive and stable Internet access to passengers in high-speed trains. Different to many existing approaches, CHIANTI is developing technologies that do not require a complete network coverage. Instead, CHIANTI will provide perceived seamless connectivity despite disruptions, changing network characteristics etc. and will thus enable users on the move to use today\'s and future network more productively.More information on CHIANTI: http://www.chianti-ict.org/. ScaleNetWithin ScaleNet, academia and industry jointly work on the scaleable and converged multi-access operator\'s network from tomorrow, focusing on 2010 onwards.ScaleNet is addressing both service and network convergence. The multi-play of services in ScaleNet embraces voice and video telephony, Mobile TV, massively multiplayer online gaming and Internet Access. Network convergence is seen as the migration of heterogeneous physical and logical network elements of fixed and mobile networks into one single (IP based) infrastructure.TZI has been developing a robust Mobile TV application for the converged ScaleNet network infrastracture. More information on ScaleNet: http://www.scalenet.de/.

Network Service Maps

Network Service Maps are an enabling technology for facilitating network access in heterogeneous, potentially challenged networks, such as sparsely distributed WLAN hotspots. Networks Service Maps are based on the notion that future heterogeneous wireless networks will encompass different link layer technologies and allow selecting the most appropriate network depending on different criteria. To support mobile nodes in the selection process, network information services are developed that provide the mobile node with sufficient information about its network neighborhood, typically focusing on the optimization of handover processes. In this research, we take a more general approach towards network information services, which is needed to support mobile communications in the existing environments of WLAN hotspots and wide area mobile communications networks. We introduce the notion of service maps, a mobile data management approach allowing a mobile user to obtain a detailed view of available networks and the services they offer depending on the user context such as geographic position, mobility paths, and application requirements.More information on Network Service Maps is available at: http://service-maps.net

Kasuari Emulation Framework

The Kasuari framework is mainly intended to help with (IP) protocol development and testing. One of its features is the possibility to run unmodified real-world networked applications on a virtual host under simulated network conditions. The framework is based on Xen 3.0, and comes with scripts to run the virtual machines, a pre-configured filesystem image (with DTN and AODV implementations), a copy-on-write driver and a few other tools. It can be used for testing almost any kernel module or networked application that runs on Linux, and it allows to simulate complex and realistic (wireless) networks using a slightly adopted version of the ns2 network simulator.More information on the Kasuari Emulation Framework is available at: http://www.kasuari.org/

Drive-thru Internet

The Drive-thru Internet project investigates the usability of IEEE 802.11 technology for providing network access to mobile users in moving vehicles. The idea of Drive-thru Internet is to provide hot spots along the road -- within a city, on a highway, or even on high-speed freeways such as autobahns. They need to be placed in a way that a vehicle driving by will obtain WLAN access for some (relatively short) period of time; if located in rest areas, the driver may exit and pass by slowly or even stop to prolong the connectivity period. One or more locally interconnected access points form a so-called connectivity island that may provide local services as well as Internet access. Several of these connectivity islands along a road or in the same geographic area may be interconnected and cooperate to provide network access with intermittent connectivity for a larger area.More information about the Drive-thru Internet project: http://www.drive-thru-internet.org/

Internet Media Guides

Internet Media Guides (IMGs) are a generalization of Electronic Program Guides (EPGs) as known from digital video broadcasting (DVB). They are independent of specific metadata formats and thus are able to support a broad range of applications, including EPG distribution for TV networks and distribution of session descriptions for Internet-based multimedia sessions. Unlike most existing approaches, the IMG framework is also completely independent of specific delivery networks for the media content described in media guides -- and it is also independent of the distribution mechanisms for the media guides themselves: IMGs can be distributed in unidirectional broadcast networks, they can also retrieved over established query/response protocols such as HTTP, and they allow for asynchronous change notifications to interested subscribers.At TZI we have developed IMG distribution implementations that are availabe for download. More information on the IMG work is available at: https://prj.tzi.org/cgi-bin/trac.cgi/wiki/TZI-IMG


The Message Bus (Mbus) is a light-weight local coordination protocol for developing component-based distributed applications that has been developed by Universität Bremen and University College London. Mbus provides a simple and flexible message oriented communication channel for a group of components that may be distributed on multiple hosts in a local network. The Mbus transport services include useful features such as peer location, point-to-point and group communication and security. The protocol specification has been published as RFC 3259.Mbus implementations have been developed for different programming languages and platforms, including small one-chip computers. The protocol has been applied to different application domains, e.g., for coordinating application components in decomposed multimedia conferencing applications and for providing coordination services for pervasice computing environments such as home networks. This web site provides some details on the Mbus protocol itself as well as on extensions, implementations and applications: http://www.mbus.org/


The 6WINIT project that has concluded January 2003 has validated the introduction of the new Mobile Wireless Internet in Europe. It has investigated and validated the set-up of one of the first European operational IPv6-3G Mobile Internet initiatives, providing the 6WINIT project customers with native IPv6 access points and native IPv6 services in a 3G environment.More information about 6WINIT: - Local 6WINIT description (german)


The objective of the MECCANO project that has concluded in May 2000 was to provide all the technology components, other than the data network itself, to support collaborative research and technical development through the deployment of enhanced tools for multimedia collaboration in Europe. The project has improved and deployed existing conferencing toolsets with a particular application aim of distance education and of conferencing.MECCANO homepage


The Winspect Project (Wearable Computing in Inspection) has developed a system to support the maintenance staff dealing with the inspection of industrial cranes at a Bremen steel plant. We have investigated the use of wireless, wearable computers in industrial environments and have developed different applications, e.g., multimedia conferencing and data inspection support applications on PC-platform based werable computers.More information about Winspect: - Winspect homepage (german)


The CONTRABAND project (Conferencing for Transport Breakdown and Accident Management and Networking of Dispatchers) has developed a multimedia multiparty conferencing system that is tailored for application in both engineering and accident management usage situations. For the latter type of application a mobile conferencing component has been developed that is based on a wearable, wireless computer.


The sensor network MEDUSA (Multispectral Environment Data Unit for Surveillance Application) enables a regular monitoring of waters regardless of optical visibility, an inspection of reported oil pollution, securing evidence regarding polluters and providing support for the ships assigned to combat pollution. To be able to operate regardless of the time of day and weather, several types of sensors e.g. radar, infrared and ultraviolet line scanners, and video or low-light-level cameras are used. With the help of this equipment it is possible to detect pollution (e.g. oil or algae) on or below the sea surface in parts even at a distance of up to 50 km, subsequently to classify it in overflight and determine its amount.MEDUSA homepage

Written by dkutscher

December 10th, 2009 at 7:51 pm

Posted in

Publications and Talks

without comments

The papers on this web page are for personal use only. Contact me in case of any question.

External resources:


Wei Geng, Yulong Zhang, Dirk Kutscher, Abhishek Kumar, Sasu Tarkoma, Pan Hui;
Sok: Distributed Computing in ICN; 10th ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking (ACM ICN '23); October 9 — 10, 2023, Reykjavik, Iceland
Pre-print on arxiv
Paper in the ACM Digital Library
Dirk Kutscher, Jeff Burke, Giuseppe Fioccola, Paulo Mendes;
Statement: The Metaverse as an Information-Centric Network; 10th ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking (ACM ICN '23); October 9 — 10, 2023, Reykjavik, Iceland
Pre-print on arxiv
Paper in the ACM Digital Library
Xueting Li, Aijun Wang, Wei Wang, Dirk Kutscher, Yue Wang;
Distributed architecture for microservices communication based on Information-Centric Networking (ICN); Internet Draft draft-li-icnrg-damc-01, Work in Progress; August 2023
IRTF ICNRG draft-li-icnrg-damc-01
Dirk Kutscher, Teemu Kärkkäinen, Jörg Ott;
Directions for Computing in the Network; Internet Draft draft-irtf-coinrg-dir-00, Work in Progress; August 2023
IRTF COINRG draft-irtf-coinrg-dir-00
Christian Huitema , Geoff Houston, Dirk Kutscher, Lixia Zhang;
Report of 2021 DINRG Workshop on Centralization in the Internet; SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 53, 2 (April 2023), 31–39. https://doi.org/10.1145/3610381.3610386
SIGCOMM CCR Report in ACM Digital Library, pre-print
Giuseppe Fioccola , Paulo Mendes , Jeff Burke , Dirk Kutscher;
Information-Centric Metaverse; Internet Draft draft-fmbk-icnrg-metaverse-01; Work in Progress; July 2023
IETF-117 draft-fmbk-icnrg-metaverse-01
Hong, J., Hong, Y., de Foy, X., Kovatsch, M., Schooler, E., and D. Kutscher;
IoT Edge Challenges and Functions; Work in Progress; Internet-Draft draft-irtf-t2trg-iot-edge-09, 24 July 2023
IETF-117 draft-irtf-t2trg-iot-edge-09
Oran, D. R. and D. Kutscher;
Reflexive Forwarding for CCNx and NDN Protocols;Work in Progress; Internet-Draft draft-oran-icnrg-reflexive-forwarding-05; 26 March 2023
IETF-116 draft-oran-icnrg-reflexive-forwarding-05
Michael Welzl, Jörg Ott, Colin Perkins, Safiqul Islam, Dirk Kutscher;
How not to IETF: Lessons Learned From Failed Standardization Attempts; PerFail Workshop at IEEE PerCom 2023; Atlanta, USA; March 17th 2023
PerFail-2023 Workshop Preprint


Dirk Kutscher
Microverse: Distributed AR/VR for the Rest of Us; Keynote at the The 17th Asian Internet Engineering Conference (AINTEC-2022); Hiroshima, Japan; December 2022
AINTEC-2022 Keynote abstract
E. J. Ramos, M. -J. Montpetit, A. F. Skarmeta, M. Boussard, V. Angelakis and D. Kutscher
Architecture Framework for Intelligence Orchestration in AIoT and IoT; 2022 International Conference on Smart Applications, Communications and Networking (SmartNets); Palapye, Botswana; 2022; pp. 01-04; doi:10.1109/SmartNets55823.2022.9994029
SmartNets-2022 Paper
Dirk Kutscher
Networking and the Metaverse: Challenges and Opportunities; Keynote at the International Conference on Emerging Networking Architecture and Technologies (ICENAT) 2022; Shenzhen, China; November 2022
ICENAT-2022 Keynote abstract
Dirk Kutscher, Dave Oran
Statement: RESTful Information-Centric Networking; ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking (ICN 2022); Osaka, Japan; September 2022
ACM ICN-2022 Paper
Peter Kietzmann, José Alamos, Dirk Kutscher, Thomas C. Schmidt, Matthias Wählisch
Delay-Tolerant ICN and Its Application to LoRa; ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking (ICN 2022); Osaka, Japan; September 2022
ACM ICN-2022 Pre-print at arxiv.org
Andy Reid, Phil Eardley, Dirk Kutscher
Namespaces, Security and Network Addressing; ACM SIGCOMM Workshop on Future of Internet Routing & Addressing (FIRA); Amsterdam, Netherlands; August 2022
FIRA Workshop 2022
Peter Kietzmann, José Alamos, Dirk Kutscher, Thomas C. Schmidt, Matthias Wählisch
Long-Range ICN for the IoT: Exploring a LoRa System Design; IFIP Networking 2022; Catania, Italy; June 2022
IFIP Networking 2022 Pre-print at arxiv.org
Dirk Kutscher;
Paving the Way to an Inclusive and Sustainable 6G; Distinguished Experts Panel at the 25th Conference on Innovation in Clouds, Internet and Networks (ICIN); March 2022
ICIN-2022 Program with Panel Information Presentation
Dirk Kutscher;
Connecting the Metaverse – In-Network Computing as Infrastructure; Keynote at the 25th Conference on Innovation in Clouds, Internet and Networks (ICIN); March 2022
Abstract Presentation
Dave Oran, Dirk Kutscher;
Reflexive Forwarding for CCNx and NDN Protocols; Internet Draft draft-oran-icnrg-reflexive-forwarding-02, Work in Progress; February 2022


Dirk Kutscher, Laura Al Wardani, TM Rayhan Gias;
Information-Centric Dataflow – Re-Imagining Reactive Distributed Computing; Presentation at IRTF COINRG Meeting at IETF-112, November 2021
Presentation IRTF COINRG Meeting at IETF-112
Dirk Kutscher;
Addressing is NOT the Problem; Panel Discussion at Side Meeting on Internet Addressing at IETF-112; November 2021
Presentation Side Meeting on Internet Addressing at IETF-112
Dirk Kutscher, Laura Al Wardani, TM Rayhan Gias;
Vision: Information-Centric Dataflow – Re-Imagining Reactive Distributed Computing; ACM Information-Centric Networking Conference 2021, virtually in Paris; September 2021
Paper ACM ICN-2021
Laura Al Wardani, TM Rayhan Gias, Dirk Kutscher;
Demo: Decentralized ICN-based Dataflow System Implementation; Demo at ACM Information-Centric Networking Conference 2021, virtually in Paris; September 2021;
Demo Paper ACM ICN-2021
Jon Crowcroft, Philip Eardley, Dirk Kutscher, Eve M. Schooler;
Compute-First Networking (Dagstuhl Seminar 21243); Dagstuhl Reports 11(5): 54-75 (2021)
Report Dagstuhl Seminar Page


Dirk Kutscher;
Innovating at the Network Layer — How to (Not) Make the Internet Better; Invited talk at the IPFuture 2020 Workshop at the 16th International Conference on Network and Service Management; November 2020
Presentation IPFuture 2020 Workshop at CNSM-2020
Rute Sofia, Eve Schooler, Dirk Kutscher, Chris Winkler;
Evolution of IoT Networking Architecture; ACM Transactions on Internet Technologies Special Issue; October 2020;
ACM TOIT Special Issue page ACM TOIT home page
Dirk Kutscher;
ICN Economics, Societal, and Governance Aspects; Panel presentation at the 7th ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking; September 2020;
Video Recording ACM ICN-2020
Peter Kietzmann, Dirk Kutscher, Thomas C. Schmidt, Matthias Wählisch;
Long-Range IoT: Is LoRaWAN an option for ICN?; Proceedings of the 7th ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking; September 2020; Pages 152–154; DOI10.1145/3405656.3420228
Paper ACM ICN-2020
Dirk Kutscher, Teemu Kärkkäinen;
Directions for Computing in the Network; Internet Draft draft-kutscher-coinrg-dir-02, Work in Progress; July 2020
Dave Oran, Dirk Kutscher;
Reflexive Forwarding for CCNx and NDN Protocols; Internet Draft draft-oran-icnrg-reflexive-forwarding-01, Work in Progress; April 2020


Dirk Kutscher;
Hot Research Challenges in ICN; Keynote at IEEE International Conference on Hot Information-Centric Networking 2019; December 2019; Chongqing, PR China
Keynote Presentation IEEE HotICN-2019
Abdulazaz Ali Albalawi, Asit Chakraborti, Cedric Westphal, Dirk Kutscher, Jianfei He, Quinton Hoole;
INCA: An Architecture for In-Network Computing; ACM CoNEXT Workshop on Emerging in-Network Computing Paradigms (ENCP); December 2019; Orlando
Paper ACM CoNEXT ENCP Workshop 2019
Michał Król, Spyridon Mastorakis, David Oran, Dirk Kutscher;
Compute First Networking: Distributed Computing meets ICN; ACM SIGCOMM Information-Centric Networking Conference 2019; September 2019; Macau
Paper ACM ICN-2019
Dirk Kutscher;
Why Edge Computing for
IoT Will Never Happen
; Talk at IRTF T2TRG Meeting at IETF-105; July 2019; Montreal
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott;
Directions for Computing in the Network (COIN); Talk at IRTF COINRG Meeting at IETF-105; July 2019; Montreal
Abdulazaz Albalawi, Cedric Westphal, Asit Chakraborti, Dirk Kutscher, Jeffrey He, J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves;
MECANO: Integrated Measurement of Compute and Network Operations; 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Measurements & Networking (M&N); July 2019; Catania, Italy
Dirk Kutscher;
Great Expectations: Protocol Design and Socioeconomic Realities; IAB Workshop on Design Expectations vs. Deployment Reality in Protocol Development; June 2019; Helsinki
Online Article  
Dirk Kutscher;
Compute-First Networking (CFN): New Perspectives on Integrating Computing and Networking; Keynote at IEEE CCNC-2019; Las Vegas



Xiaoming Fu, Dirk Kutscher, Satyajayant Misra, Ruidong Li;
Information-Centric Networking Security; Featured Topic in IEEE Communications Magazine; November 2018

IEEE Communications Magazine November 2018

Michał Król, Karim Habak, David R Oran, Dirk Kutscher, Ioannis Psaras;
RICE: Remote Method Invocation in ICN; Best Paper award at ACM SIGCOMM ICN-2018; Boston, USA
Paper Presentation

ACM ICN-2018

Dipankar Raychaudhuri, Abhimanyu Gosain, Dirk Kutscher, John C.S. Lui;
State of the Current Internet: Is It Ready for New and Emerging Applications; Panel at ACM SIGCOMM 2018 Workshop on Networking for Emerging Applications and Technologies (NEAT 2018); Budpest, Hungary
NEAT Panel Video


George Polyzos, Dirk Kutscher, Paulo Mendes, Jussi Kangasharju;
Panel on Mobile Edge Communication; ACM SIGCOMM 2018 Workshop on Mobile Edge Communications (MECOMM 2018); Budpest, Hungary
MECOMM Panel Video

ACM SIGCOMM 2018 Workshop on Mobile Edge Communications (MECOMM 2018)

Dirk Kutscher;
Research Directions for Edge Computing and Industrial IoT;Keynote at EdgeSys Workshop and PhD Forum at ACM MobiSys 2018; Munich, Germany
Sripriya Srikant Adhatarao, Mayutan Arumaithurai, Dirk Kutscher, Xiaoming Fu;
ISI: Integrate Sensor Networks to Internet With ICN; IEEE Internet of Things Journal (Volume: 5, Issue: 2, April 2018)
Paper IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Sripriya Srikant Adhatarao, Mayutan Arumaithurai, Dirk Kutscher, Xiaoming Fu;
NeMoI: Network Mobility in ICN; 2018 10th International Conference on Communication Systems & Networks (COMSNETS); Bengaluru, India


Dirk Kutscher;
Open Distributed Edge Computing; Talk at Edge Computing Industry Summit 2017; November 29th, 2017; Beijing
  Edge Computing Industry Summit 2017
Xavier de Foy, Dirk Kutscher, Eve Schooler, Debashish Purkayastha, Akbar Rahman;
IoT Edge Computing Survey and Gap Analysis; Presentation at Thing-to-Thing Research Group meeting at IETF-100; November 2017; Singapore
Presentation IRTF T2TRG at IETF-100
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott;
Dezentrales IoT ohne Silos;Talk at IoTcamp Munich; October 5th, 2017; Munich
Presentation IoTcamp 2017
Sripriya S. Adhatarao, Mayutan Arumaithurai, Dirk Kutscher, Xiaoming Fu;
ISI: Integrate Sensor Networks to Internet with ICN;IEEE Internet of Things Journal, Volume PP, Issue 99; August 2017
Abstract IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Vittorio Cozzolino, Aaron Yi Ding, Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher;
Enabling Fine-Grained Edge Offloading for IoT; ACM SIGCOMM 2017 Poster (SIGCOMM 2017); August 2017
  ACM SIGCOMM 2017 Posters
Dennis Grewe, Marco Wagner, Mayutan Arumaithurai, Ioannis Psaras, Dirk Kutscher;
Information-Centric Mobile Edge Computing for Connected Vehicle Environments: Challenges and Research Directions; ACM SIGCOMM 2017 Workshop on Mobile Edge Communications (MECOMM’2017); August 2017
Akbar Rahmen, Dirk Trossen, Dirk Kutscher, Ravi Ravindran;
Deployment Considerations for Information-Centric Networking (ICN); Internet Draft draft-rahman-icnrg-deployment-guidelines-02 (Work in Progress); June 2017
Ioannis Psaras, Vasilis Sourlas, Denis Shtefan, Sergi Rene, Mayutan Arumaithurai, Dirk Kutscher, George Pavlou;
On the Feasibility of a User-Operated Mobile Content Distribution Network; IEEE 18th International Symposium on A World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (WoWMoM) 2017; June 2017
Abstract WoWMoM 2017
Dirk Kutscher;
Networking Data and Dynamic Computation with Information-Centric Networking; Invited Talk at Bosch Workshop "Vernetzung und Bussysteme" 2017; April 2017
Navdeep Uniyal, Dirk Kutscher, Jan Seedorf, Jeremias Blendin, David Hausheer;
Adaptive ICN Multipath Forwarding for Hybrid Access; International Conference on Networked Systems (NetSys) 2017; March 2017
  NetSys 2017


Jan Seedorf, Dirk Kutscher, Bilal Gil;
Decentralized Interest Counter Aggregation for ICN in Disaster Scenarios; IEEE Globecom Workshop on Information Centric Networking Solutions for Real World Applications (ICNSRA); December 2016
  ICNSRA 2016
Dirk Kutscher;
Edge Computing Considered Harmful; Invited Talk at Munich Internet Research Retreat; Raitenhaslach, Germany; November 2016
  MIR 2016/
Dirk Kutscher;
Forwarding Abstractions for a Better 5G Network; Invited Talk at ETRI; Daejeon, South-Korea; November 2016
Dirk Kutscher, Suyong Eum, Kostas Pentikoussis, Ioannis Psaras, Daniel Curujo, Damien Saucez, Thomas C. Schmidt, Matthias Waehlisch;
Information-Centric Networking (ICN) Research Challenges; RFC 7927; ISSN: 2070-1721; July 2016
  RFC 7927
Dirk Kutscher;
Mobile Networking: 5G and Beyond; Invited Talk at BMW Summer School 2016; July 2016
  BMW Summer School 2016
Dirk Kutscher;
Next Steps for OPNFV; Panel at OPNFV Summit 2016; June 2016
  Panel: Next Steps for OPNFV
Dirk Kutscher;
It's the Network: Towards Better Security and Transport Performance in 5G; Global Internet Symposium 2016; April 2016
Paper Global Internet Symposium 2016
Dirk Kutscher, Faisal Mir, Rolf Winter, Suresh Krishnan, Ying Zhang, Carlos Bernados;
Mobile Communication Congestion Exposure Scenario; RFC 7778; ISSN: 2070-1721; March 2016
Dirk Kutscher;
5G: It's the Network, Stupid; Invited Talk at Innovations in Clouds, Internet and Networks (ICIN) Conference 2016; March 2016
  Conference website
Dirk Kutscher;
ICN & 5G; IRTF ICNRG Interim Meeting; January 2016
Dirk Kutscher;
ICN DevOps; IRTF ICNRG Interim Meeting; January 2016


Dirk Kutscher;
Security and Transport Performance in 5G; 48. Treffen der VDE/ITG-Fachgruppe 5.2.4; December 2015
Jan Seedorf, Dirk Kutscher et al.;
The Benefit of Information Centric Networking for Enabling Communications in Disaster Scenarios; Globecom 2015 Workshop on Information Centric Network Solutions for Real-World Applications; December 2015
Dirk Kutscher;
ICN in the IRTF and IETF; Research Activities and Future of EU/US/JP ICN Projects Workshop; October 2015
Dirk Kutscher and Fabian Schneider;
Network Programmability -- Research Topics in SDN and NFV; CleanSky Summer School 2015; September 2015
Dirk Kutscher, Giovanna Carofiglio, Luca Muscariello, Paul Polakos;
Maintaining Efficiency and Privacy in Mobile Networks through Information-Centric Networking; IAB/GSMA Workshop on Managing Radio Networks in an Encrypted World (MaRNEW); September 2015
Mirja Kühlewind, Dirk Kutscher, Brian Trammell;
Enabling Traffic Management without DPI; IAB/GSMA Workshop on Managing Radio Networks in an Encrypted World (MaRNEW); September 2015
Dirk Kutscher;
Open Source Carrier Networking; Presentation at Open Networking Summit 2015; May 2015
Talk Info (Presentation available on request)
Dirk Kutscher, Chris Wright;
The Next Step of OpenStack Evolution for NFV Deployments; Presentation at OpenStack Summit 2015; May 2015
Presentation at OpenStack Summit
Bilal Gill, Jan Seedorf, Dirk Kutscher;
HydraICN : Scalable Content Exchange in Challenged ICNs; Presentation at CCNxCon 2015; May 2015
Presentation PDF
Dirk Kutscher;
OPNFV: Introducing Open Platform for NFV; Presentation IRTF NFVRG Meeting at IETF-92; March 2015
  Presentation PDF
Dirk Kutscher et al.;
ICN Research Challenges; Internet Draft draft-irtf-icnrg-challenges-01 (Work in Progress); February 2015


Dirk Kutscher;
Network Operations Panel at PARC CCNX Workshop; CCNx Workshop held at PARC; October 2014
  Workshop website
Dirk Kutscher;
From Virtualization to Network and Service Programmability -- A Research Agenda for 5G Networks; Keynote at 6th International Conference on Mobile Networks and Management (MONAMI); September 2014
MONAMI-2014 Conference Program Abstract at MONAMI conference website
J. Seedorf, B. Gill, B. Schiller, D. Kohlweyer, D. Kutscher;
Fully Decentralised Authentication Scheme for ICN in Disaster Scenarios: Demonstration on Mobile Terminals; Demonstration at ACM ICN 2014; September 2014
  Demo Abstract
Dirk Kutscher, Faisal Mir, Rolf Winter, Suresh Krishnan, Ying Zhang, Carlos Bernados;
Mobile Communication Congestion Exposure Scenario; Internet Draft draft-ietf-conex-mobile-04 (Work in Progress); September 2014
Dirk Kutscher et al.;
ICN Research Challenges; Internet Draft draft-irtf-icnrg-challenges-00 (Work in Progress); September 2014
J. Seedorf, D. Kutscher, F. Schneider;
Decentralised Binding of Self-Certifying Names to Real-World Identities for Assessment of Third-Party Messages in Fragmented Mobile Networks; The 2nd Workshop on Name Oriented Mobility (NOM 2014) in conjunction with the IEEE INFOCOM 2014; April 2014
Dirk Kutscher et al.;
ICN Research Challenges; Internet Draft draft-kutscher-icnrg-challenges-02 (Work in Progress); February 2014


M. Vahlenkamp, F. Schneider, D. Kutscher, J. Seedorf;
Enabling Information Centric Networking in IP Networks Using SDN; IEEE SDN4FNS 2013 Workshop; November 2013
M. Vahlenkamp, F. Schneider, D. Kutscher, J. Seedorf;
Enabling ICN in IP Networks Using SDN; IEEE ICNP-2013 Poster; November 2013
  Paper Poster
R. Alimi, A. Rahman, D. Kutscher, Y. Yang, H. Song, K. Pentikousis;
DECoupled Application Data Enroute (DECADE); RFC 7069; November 2013
  RFC 7069
Dirk Kutscher et al.;
ICN Research Challenges; Internet Draft draft-kutscher-icnrg-challenges-01 (Work in Progress); July 2013
Stephen Farrell, Dirk Kutscher et al.;
Naming Things with Hashes; RFC 6920; April 2013
  RFC 6920
Christian Dannewitz, Dirk Kutscher et al.;
Network of Information (Netinf) – An Information-Centric Networking Architecture; Elsevier Journal on Computer Communications, Special Issue on Information-Centric Networking, Volume 36, Issue 7; April 2013
Konstaninos Samdanis, Faisal. G. Mir, Dirk. Kutscher, Tarik Taleb;
Service Boost: Towards on-demand QoS enhancements for OTT apps in LTE; 2013 21st IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (ICNP), Goettingen, Germany; 2013, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ICNP.2013.6733663.


Konstantinos Samdanis, Tarik Taleb, Dirk Kutscher, Marcus Brunner;
Self Organized Network Management Functions for Energy Efficient Cellular Urban Infrastructures; Elsevier Journal on Mobile Networks and Applications, Special Issue on Advances in Green Mobile Networks, Volume 17, Issue 1; Februar 2012
Dirk Kutscher, Stephen Farrel, Elwyn Davies;
The NetInf Protocol; Internet Draft draft-kutscher-icnrg-netinf-proto-00 (Work in Progress); October 2012
Dirk Kutscher, Claudio Imbrenda, Bengt Ahlgren, Christian Dannewitz,
Börje Ohlman;
A Survey of Information-Centric-Networking; IEEE
Communications Magazine special issue on Information-Centric
Networking; July 2012
  IEEE Communications Magazine
Konstantinos Samdanis, Tarik Taleb, Dirk Kutscher, Marcus Brunner;
Self Organized Network Management Functions for Energy Efficient
Cellular Urban Infrastructures
; Journal "Mobile Networks and Applications"; Volume 17 Issue 1, February 2012


Dirk Kutscher, Bengt Ahlgren, Christian Dannewitz, Claudio Imbrenda, Börje Ohlman;
A Survey of Information-Centric Networking (Draft); in Information-Centric Networking, Dagstuhl Seminar
Proceedings, ISSN 1862-4405, - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik,
Germany; 2011 KutscherDirk.Paper.2941.pdf

Dirk Kutscher, Bengt Ahlgren, Holger Karl, Börje Ohlman, Sara Oueslati, Ignacio Solis;
10492 Abstracts Collection --
Information-Centric Networking
in Information-Centric Networking,
Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, ISSN 1862-4405, - Leibniz-Zentrum für
Informatik, Germany; 2011
Dirk Kutscher, Stephen Farrell;
Towards an Information-Centric
Internet with more Things
; IAB Workshop on Interconnecting Smart
Objects with the Internet, Prague, Friday, 25th March 2011
Faisal Ghias Mir, Dirk Kutscher, Marcus Brunner, Rolf Winter;
Efficient Dropper Design for Implementing Capacity Sharing with
Congestion Exposure
; IEEE Globecomm 2011
Faisal Ghias Mir, Dirk Kutscher, Marcus Brunner;
Congestion Exposure
in Mobility Scenarios
; Conference on Next Generation Internet 2011; Kaiserslautern; June 2011


Konstantinos Samdanis, Dirk Kutscher, Marcus Brunner; Dynamic Energy-Aware Network Re-Configuration for Cellular Urban Infrastructures; GreenComm3 Workshop at Globecom 2010; December 2010   http://www.green-communications.net/globecom10/home.html
Konstantinos Samdanis, Dirk Kutscher, Marcus Brunner; Self-Organized Energy Efficient Cellular Networks; 21st Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC 2010); September 2010   http://www.ieee-pimrc.org/
Dirk Kutscher, Henrik Lundqvist, Faisal-Ghia Mir; Congestion Exposure in Mobile Wireless Communications; IEEE Globecom 2010; December 2010   http://www.ieee-globecom.org/
Dirk Kutscher, Hannu Flinck, Holger Karl;
; Talk at 6th GI/ITG KuVS Workshop on "Future Internet";
November 2010


Haruki Izumikawa, Dirk Kutscher, Andreas Timm-Giel, Carsten Bormann; RACING: Rate Control for Enhancing Intermittent Networking Performance for Mobile Users; IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2009); November 2009   http://www.ieee-globecom.org/
Haruki Izumikawa, Dirk Kutscher, Yoji Kishi; Green DTN: Delay Tolerance for Energy-Efficient Mobile Communications; IEICE Society Conference 2009; September 2009    
J. Ott, P. Ylikoski, N. Seifert, C. Carroll, N. Wallbridge, O. Bergmann, D. Kutscher; The CHIANTI Architecture for Robust Mobile Internet Access; 10th IEEE International Symposium on World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (WoWMoM) 2009; June 2009   http://www.ics.forth.gr/wowmom09/
Janico Greifenberg, Dirk Kutscher; RDTN: An Agile DTN Research Platform and Bundle Protocol Agent; 7th International Conference on Wired / Wireless Internet Communications; May 2009   http://wwic2009.utwente.nl/
Dirk Kutscher; Quality of Experience for Mobile Communications - Challenges and
; Talk at Zukunft der Netze (Future of Networks), 8. Fachtagung des ITG Fachausschusses 5.2 Kommunikationsnetze und -systeme; March 2009


Dirk Kutscher, Kevin Loos, Dirk Meyer, Peter Schefczik, Michael Soellner; ScaleNet-TV2Go: A Personalized Mobile Multimedia Service; Wireless Communication and Information (WCI) Conference 2008; October 2008   http://inka.htw-berlin.de/wci08/
Dirk Kutscher, Kevin Loos, Dirk Meyer, Peter Schefczik, Michael Soellner; A Personalized, Robust Mobile TV Service for Converging Networks; 13th Mobilfunktagung 2008; May 2008   http://www.mobilfunktagung.de/
Janico Greifenberg, Dirk Kutscher; Efficient Publish/Subscribe-based Multicast for Opportunistic Networking with Self-Organized Resource Utilization; The First IEEE International Workshop on Opportunistic Networking (WON-2008); Ginowan, Okinawa, Japan; March 2008   greifenberg-pubsub.pdf
Dirk Kutscher; Challenged Internet Access Technology Infrastructure (CHIANTI); Talk at the 25th meeting of the VDE/ITG-Fachgruppe 5.2.4 on The Future of Wireless Broadband; Düsseldorf; February 2008   http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/Content/itg/fg524/Meetings/2008-02-28-Duesseldorf/index.html
Dirk Kutscher; Mitnehm.TV - Personalized, Robust Mobile TV in Converging Networks; Upperside Mobile TV World Congress 2008; Paris, France; January 2008   http://www.upperside.fr


Dirk Kutscher; Mobile TV in Japan; Talk at the 24th meeting of the VDE/ITG-Fachgruppe 5.2.4 on Mobile TV; Panasonic R&D Center Germany GmbH Langen; September 2007    
Dirk Kutscher, Peter Schefczik, Michael Soellner; Personalized, Robust Mobile TV in Convergent Networks; Talk at the 24th meeting of the VDE/ITG-Fachgruppe 5.2.4 on Mobile TV; Panasonic R&D Center Germany GmbH Langen; September 2007   http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/Content/itg/fg524/Meetings/2007-11-22-Essen/index.html
Dirk Kutscher; Keitai Culture Japan; Trends aus dem Japanischen Mobilkommunikations-Markt; Talk at Hochschule Bremen; June 2007    
Dirk Kutscher, Janico Greifenberg, Kevin Loos; Scalable DTN Distribution over Uni-Directional Links; ACM SIGCOMM Workshop on Networked Systems for Developing Regions (NSDR); to be published; 2007   nsdr-2007-kutscher.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott, Steffen Bartsch; Supporting Network Access and Service Location in Dynamic Environments; TERENA Networking Conference 2007; 2007   Paper available on request.
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Internet Access for Mobile Users: From Drive-thru Internet to Delay-tolerant Ad-hoc Networking ; book chapter in in Marco Conti, Jon Crowcroft, Andrea Passarella (eds): "Multi-hop Ad-hoc Networks: From Theory to Reality." Nova Science Publishers; 2007   Book's homepage at Nova Publishers  
Dirk Kutscher, Kevin Loos, Janico Greifenberg; Uni-DTN: A DTN Convergence Layer Protocol for Unidirectional Transport; Internet Draft draft-kutscher-dtnrg-uni-clayer-00.txt; Work in Progress; April 2007   draft-kutscher-dtnrg-uni-clayer-00  
Dirk Kutscher; Mobile TV in Japan: Technology Overview, Business Models, Deployment Experiences; Upperside Mobile TV World Congress 2007; January 2007      


Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Integrating DTN and MANET Routing; ACM SIGCOMM Workshop on Challenged Networks (CHANTS 2006); 2006   chants2006-ott-kutscher.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Bundling the Web: HTTP over DTN; WNEPT 2006 Workshop on Networking in Public Transport, QShine Conference; 2006   wnept-ott-kutscher.pdf
Dirk Kutscher; Mobile TV in Japan - Lessons To Be Learned for Europe?; IQPC Mobile TV Conference 2006; 2006    
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott; Deploying VoIP over Public Wireless Networks: Challenges and Perspectives; IQPC VoWLAN Conference 2006; 2006   iqpc-vowlan-kutscher-hotspot.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott; Internet Media Guides: Enhanced electronic Program Guides for Mobile TV; IQPC Mobile TV Conference 2006; 2006   iqpc-mobiletv-kutscher-img.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott; Enhancing User Mobility with Network Service Maps; TERENA Networking Conference 2006; 2006   tnc2006-kutscher-ott.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott; Service Maps for Heterogeneous Network Environments; Mobile Data Management Conference 2006; 2006   Paper available on request.
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; A Modular Access Gateway for Managing Intermittent Connectivity in Vehicular Communications ; European Transactions on Telecommunications; 2006   Paper available on request.


Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Towards Automated Authentication for Mobile Users in WLAN Hot-Spots; IEEE Semiannual Vehicular Technology Conference September 2005; 2005    
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Applying DTN to Mobile Internet Access: An Experiment with HTTP; Technical Report TR-TZI-050701, Technologiezentrum Informatik, Universität Bremen; July 2005   tr-tzi-050701.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; A Mobile Access Gateway for Managing Intermittent Connectivity; Proceedings of 14th IST Mobile & Wireless Communication Summit, Dresden; June 2005   ist2005-ott-kutscher.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher, Janico Greifenberg, Kevin Loos; Networked Multimedia with Internet Media Guides; TERENA Networking Conference 2005; 2005   >tnc2006-ott-kutscher.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; SIP Voice Services for Intermittently Connected Users in Wireless Networks ; Upperside Wi-Fi Voice Conference 2005; May 2005   wifivoice2005-ott-kutscher.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; A Disconnection-Tolerant Transport for Drive-thru Internet Environments; Proceedings of Infocom 2005, Miami; March 2005   infocom-2005-ott-kutscher.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Exploiting Regular Hot-Spots for Drive-thru Internet; Proceedings of KiVS 2005, Kaiserslautern, Germany; March 2005   kivs2005-ott-kutscher.pdf


Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott; Service Location and Multiparty Peering for Mobile Ad-hoc Communication; Proceedings of the Nineth International Conference on Personal Wireless Communications; September 2004   pwc2004-kutscher-ott.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Why Seamless? Towards Exploiting WLAN-Based Intermittent Connectivity on the Road; TERENA Networking Conference 2004; June 2004   tnc2004-ott-kutscher.pdf
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Drive-thru Internet: Bringing Local-Area Wireless Connectivity to Wide-Area Mobile Users; Upperside WiMax Summit 2004; May 2004   Presentation slides available on request.
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher, Olaf Bergmann; SIP Voice Services for Intermittently Connected Users in Wireless Networks; Upperside Wi-Fi Voice Conference 2004; May 2004   Presentation slides available on request.
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; The "Drive-Thru" Architecture: WLAN-based Internet Access on the Road; IEEE Semiannual Vehicular Technology Conference May 2004; 2004    
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Drive-thru Internet: IEEE 802.11b for Automobile Users; IEEE Infocom 2004 Conference; 2004   infocom-2004-ott-kutscher.pdf


Dirk Kutscher; Local Coordination for Interpersonal Communication Systems; Dissertation thesis, Universität Bremen; December 2003   Available on request.
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott, Olaf Bergmann, Andreas Büsching; IPv4-IPv6 Interworking for Heterogenous IP Telephony Environments; Upperside Deploying IPv6 Networks Conference 2003; December 2003   upperside-deploying-ipv6-2003-kutscher.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott, Carsten Bormann; Session Description and Capability Negotiation; Internet Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-sdpng-07.txt, Work in Progress; October 2003   draft-ietf-mmusic-sdpng-07.txt
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott; Dynamic Device Access for Mobile Users; Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Personal Wireless Communications; September 2003   pwc2003-kutscher-dda.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott, Carsten Bormann; Session Description and Capability Negotiation; Internet Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-sdpng-06.txt, Work in Progress; March 2003   draft-ietf-mmusic-sdpng-06.txt
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; Presence Aggregation in Endpoints; Upperside Conference SIP 2003; January 2003   2003-upperside-presence-aggregation.pdf

2002 and Earlier

Carsten Bormann, Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher Olaf Bergmann; Konzepte Content-Repräsentation und Markup-Sprachen; SPC TEIA Lehrbuch Verlag; 2002    
Carsten Bormann, Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher Olaf Bergmann; Konzepte der Internet-Technik; SPC TEIA Lehrbuch Verlag; 2002    
Jörg Ott, Colin Perkins, Dirk Kutscher; A Message Bus for Local Coordination; RFC 3259; 2002   RFC 3259
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; SDPng: A New Session Description Language for Multimedia Conferencing; Upperside Conference SIP 2002; January 2002   2002-upperside-sip-sdpng.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott, Carsten Bormann, Igor Curcio; Requirements for Session Description and Capability Negotiation; Internet Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-sdpng-req-01.txt, Work in Progress; April 2001   draft-ietf-mmusic-sdpng-req-01.txt
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott; An Mbus Profile for Internet Appliance Control; Internet Draft draft-kutscher-mbus-ipac-00.txt, Work in Progress; February 2001   draft-kutscher-mbus-ipac-00.txt
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher, Dirk Meyer; An Mbus Profile for Call Control; Internet Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-mbus-call-control-00.txt, Work in Progress; February 2001   draft-ietf-mmusic-mbus-call-control-00.txt
Dirk Kutscher; The Message Bus: Guidelines for Application Profile Writers; Internet Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-mbus-guidelines-00.txt, Work in Progress; February 2001   draft-ietf-mmusic-mbus-guidelines-00.txt
Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher; The Message Bus (Mbus): An Abstract Call Control Model for Modular SIP Implementations; Upperside Conference SIP 2001; January 2001   2001-upperside-sip-mbus.pdf
Jörg Ott, Colin Perkins, Dirk Kutscher; The Message Bus: A Platform for Component-based Conferencing Applications; Proceedings of CBG2000, the CSCW2000 workshop on Component-Based Groupware; December 2000   mbus_cbg2000.pdf
Jörg Ott, Colin Perkins, Dirk Kutscher; Requirements for Local Conference Control; Internet Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-mbus-req-00.txt, Work in Progress; December 1999   draft-ietf-mmusic-mbus-req-00.txt
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott, Carsten Bormann; Capability description for group cooperation; Internet Draft draft-ott-mmusic-cap-00.txt, Work in Progress; June 1999   draft-ott-mmusic-cap-00.txt
Dirk Kutscher, Jörg Ott, Carsten Bormann; Engineers and Accidents: An Adaptable Conferencing Platform and its Application to Harbour Management; European Conference Marcom'98; 1998   contraband-marcom98.pdf
Dirk Kutscher, Jens Küspert; Generalizing Distributed Sensing Networks;Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition; June 1996   sds96.pdf

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October 29th, 2009 at 4:10 pm

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